Monocacy National Battlefield

Monocacy National Battlefield Monocacy National Battlefield encompasses 1,647 acres of farmland, forest and riparian areas in the Monocacy River valley. Known as the “Battle That Saved Washington”, the battle of Monocacy on July 9, 1864 between 18,000 Confederate forces under General Jubal Early, and 5,800 Union forces under General Lew Wallace, marked the last campaign of the Confederacy to carry the war into the north.

Monocacy National Battlefield MapThe battlefield was opened in 1991 and is therefore relatively new. The urbanization that has swept the Frederick area has also influenced the landscape of the battlefield. Significant habitat fragmentation has occurred because of human development, and the battlefield represents a sanctuary for many plant and animal species. Park projects currently concentrate on combating the spread of exotic plants, constructing and maintaining trails, wildlife management, water quality monitoring, and viewshed restoration.

Location: Monocacy National Battlefield is located south of the City of Frederick in the Monocacy River valley.

  • Field Studies available:  Water Canaries, Battle to Save Water Quality
  • Habitat: River/stream bank
  • Terrain: Approximately a 5 minute walk from the parking lot. Trail follows an old wagon road to the creek bank. Mostly flat terrain to the creek’s edge.
  • Not suitable for the disabled
  • Facilities: Restrooms nearby
  • Additional Info: Small picnic area located behind the Visitor Center. Maximum number of students using the the creek at the same time is 15.


For more information on Monocacy National Battlefield, including directions, visitor information and hours of operation, visit the official website: